Although Chiropractors’ main method of treatment typically consists of the spinal adjustment (spinal manipulation), Chiropractors also employ many adjunctive therapies and applications in order to provide the most effective and efficient relief from neuromusculoskeletal disorders. Chiropractors combine soft tissue therapy, massage therapy, mobilisation, flexion-distraction, therapeutic stretching, physical modalities, and nutritional counselling.
The Chiropractic spinal adjustment represents the cornerstone of the Chiropractic treatment. Spinal adjustments are used successfully to treat a variety of different soft tissue disorders as well as a number of other health problems. Chiropractic doctors are the only health care professionals trained to deliver the chiropractic spinal adjustment.
Spinal adjustments or spinal manipulation is the process of applying a quick but gentle pressure to "subluxated" vertebrae in a corrective manner. The adjustments are not and should not be painful. Individuals who present with moderate to severe pain may experience some minor discomfort for obvious reasons, however, care is always gentle, safe and non-invasive.
This is a particular Chiropractic technique useful for low-back conditions, notably slipped discs (disc herniations/prolapse) of the lumbar spine and sciatica. As the name suggests, it involves flexing (bending) and distracting (pulling) the spine gently when the patient is lying on their front. It is performed on a specially designed Chiropractic table. This technique helps to reduce the pressure in the disc and increase the space for the nerve, allowing more room for the nerve and reducing pain.
Soft Tissue & Massage Therapy
There are a number of soft tissue therapy techniques which can be successfully employed to assist in the reduction of pain and muscle hypertonicity and spasm. Some of these include massage therapy, trigger point therapy, somatic therapy, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, acupressure point therapy, and percussive massage. The need and benefits of these therapies vary from patient to patient. Depending on your condition and response to treatment we may incorporate one or more of these therapies into your treatment plan.
Therapeutic exercises for the neck, back, and extremities are an essential part of the rehabilitative process following injury. Chiropractic doctors commonly prescribe specific strengthening and stabilizing exercises and stretches for their patients with back, neck and extremity problems.
Exercises provide many benefits during the healing and preventative stages. Early on, exercise prevents muscle deterioration and promotes joint health. Later on, exercises increase strength, proprioception and stability to protect from new injuries and recurrences of past problems.
Therapeutic stretching is important to prevent scar tissue and adhesion formation following injury. Stretching is most effective when initiated early on in the treatment plan before scar tissues become permanent. There are many different types of stretching including, myofascial release, PIR/PNFstretching, and active release.Maintaining a regular stretching program once the rehabilitation stage of treatment has been completed will help keep tissues flexible and loose, increasing mobility and preventing the development of new injuries.
There are some physical modalities which in certain cases can provide additional pain relief and accelerated healing. Some of these more common modalities include muscle stimulation, interferential stimulation, therapeutic ultrasound, and diathermy (deep heating modality).
Diet & Nutritional Education
It’s a fact, you are what you eat! Or rather you are what you’re body is able to utilise with what you eat. Healing is always quicker when you provide the body with the right tools to do the job. In this respect, diet and nutrition is crucial in helping the bring about the right changes in the body. Chiropractors are thoroughly trained in the areas of human diet and nutrition.